Academic year: 2023-24
Course: Foundation Course Science
Credits: 6
Period: first semester

Number of hours: 48

Teacher(s): Stefano Landi (; Cosmeri Anna Rizzato (

Language of instruction: English


            1. Chemical composition of living organisms

Basic chemistry: Atom and molecules. Types of bonds. The importance of carbon. The water and its properties. Biological molecules: proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates.

            2. The cell

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cell membranes and organelles: structure and function.

            3. Genetic code, cell division, reproduction and inheritance

DNA and genes. Genetic code. Transcription. Protein synthesis. Mitosis and meiosis. Mendelian genetics. Reproduction in animals. Viruses. Molecular biology techniques.

            4. Basis of anatomy and physiology of animals

Tissues, organs and systems in animals. Embryology. Circulatory system. Respiratory system. Digestive system. Excretory system. Nervous system. Immune system

            5. Elements of biochemistry

Energy flow and biological significance of photosynthesis, glycolysis, fermentation and aerobic respiration. The importance of ATP. Autotrophic and heterotrophic metabolism.


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